Can Dehydration Happen in Cold Weather?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dehydration can happen just as easily in colder weather as it can during the summer months. According to the Mayo Clinic, you can become dehydrated in the cold from sweating, breathing, the drying power of the winter wind, and increased urine production. Yet, fewer people recognize the signs of dehydration in the winter, so it may be even more of a risk during winter months.

Why is Hydration So Important?

Drinking fluids is crucial to staying healthy and maintaining the function of every system in your body, including your heart, brain, and muscles.  Fluids carry nutrients to your cells, flush bacteria from your bladder, and prevent constipation. Hydration in the cold weather is essential to providing fuel and energy to body parts to help facilitate heat production. Although most doctors do not recommend a one size fits all for water consumption, most people are fine with drinking to thirst (around 30-60 oz. per day). Water-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are also a good source of water. Proper hydration is especially important in cold weather as dehydration negatively affects the body's resistance to cold weather, increasing the chance for cold weather injuries. 

Signs of Dehydration

Recognizing the signs of dehydration is critical in order to correct the lack of water in the body. Mild to moderate dehydration is often characterized by dry mouth, sleepiness, thirst, decreased urine output, dry skin, headache, weakness, constipation, and dizziness or lightheadedness. Symptoms of severe dehydration include: extreme thirst, extreme fussiness or sleepiness in infants, very dry mouth and skin, little to no urine output, dark urine, sunken eyes, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, stomach cramps or vomiting, no tears when crying, and fever.

What to do if You Are Dehydrated

If you suspect that you are severely dehydrated, it is important to go to the emergency room immediately. If you are mildly to moderately dehydrated, start the rehydration process with water or coconut water. Warm liquids can be consumed more readily in a cold environment than cold beverages. If snow is present, don’t eat it, as this will use up body heat and it might be contaminated.  Don’t drink too much too quickly, as this can overwhelm your stomach and your kidneys. Eat foods that are rich in electrolytes, such as kiwis, bananas, nut butters, and yogurt.

If electrolyte-rich foods aren’t available, aim for a sports drink to help restore lost minerals. Try to avoid drinks that act as diuretics, such as coffee and alcohol. These types of drinks will increase urine production and slow the re-hydration process.

Prevention is Best! How to Prevent Dehydration

You can prevent dehydration from becoming severe by monitoring symptoms closely and hydrating at the first signs of dehydration. For those who are sick, hydrating at the first sign of diarrhea, vomiting, or fever is crucial. For those who are exercising (especially outside), drinking plenty of water before, during, and after exercise, should help prevent dehydration. People who exercise outside in humid weather are at higher risk for dehydration, e.g. endurance athletes and those in the military.

Extra weight from supplies and gear can accelerate dehydration. Wearing the right clothing can help reduce water loss through sweat. Light weight, loose clothing aides in heat loss and sweat evaporation. Layers are also a good idea in the winter months.  This allows you to adjust your clothing to match the temperature and your activity level on an as-needed basis.

Prevention is key when it comes to dehydration. By fueling up with the right foods and drinks, and wearing the right clothing, you can dramatically reduce your risk for dehydration.

 

 

Which Peanut Butter is Best?

Peanut butter is a versatile snack that is packed with protein and heart-healthy unsaturated fats. These same unsaturated fats also help you to feel full (satiety). Peanut butter is also a good source of fiber, potassium, magnesium, and Vitamin B-6. Unfortunately, identifying the healthiest peanut butter at the grocery store is becoming more and more challenging.  As new peanut butters and peanut butter-like products are coming onto the market, deciding between regular vs “natural” peanut butter or reduced fat vs. powdered peanut butter can leave your head spinning.

Peanut Butter vs. Peanut Butter Spread (aka reduced-fat peanut butter)

Many peanut butters on the shelf at the supermarket are full of added sugar and other ingredients, such as soybean oil. According to the National Peanut Board, in order for peanut butter to be labeled as peanut butter, it has to contain at least 90% peanuts. The only other allowable ingredients are salt, sweeteners, and hydrogenated vegetable oils.

Products that include anything else, like palm oil, flavors, or other ingredients, must be labeled as peanut butter spreads. They may still contain at least 90 percent peanuts and have a similar nutritional profile, but they are outside the standard definition of “peanut butter.” These are typically what your reduced-fat peanut butters are called.

“Natural” Peanut Butter

There is no standard, FDA regulated, definition for “natural” peanut butter. A loose definition of a peanut butter labeled “natural” has only peanuts and salt listed in the ingredients. It does not usually contain added sugar or hydrogenated oils. Without the added oils, these types of peanut butters are not well homogenized which leads to the oils separating out from the mixture and rising to the top of the jar. This can be remedied by simply stirring. As always, double check the label before assuming that a “natural” peanut butter fits these criteria.

Powdered Peanut Butter

As powdered peanut butter grows in popularity, it’s important to know what makes powdered peanut butter different from standard peanut butter. Powdered peanut butters are made by extracting most of the fat and dehydrating what’s left of the peanut, which forms a powder. The resulting product has 85% less fat calories. To make up for the flavoring that is lost with the fat, often sugar and salt are added.

While this can be a great product for those looking for peanut butter taste, without all the fat and calories, you would probably be better off just having a tablespoon of regular peanut butter. The unsaturated fats found in regular PB are far more filling than the powdered form. Additionally, replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats in your diet is more likely to lead to weight loss than a diet higher in sugar. 

What to look for

Thankfully, you don’t have to grind up your own peanuts in order to get a healthy, no additives, creamy peanut butter. Many supermarkets as well as health food stores offer nut butters that are simple, delicious, and without all the unnecessary additives. Look for peanut butter (or any nut butter) that only contains peanuts and salt. This ensures you are getting all the protein and healthy fats, without the added sugar or hydrogenated oils. Additionally, many stores allow you to make your own nut butter. Essentially, you can crush your own peanuts. 

Adjusting Sleep (and other health behaviors) to Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time ends on Sunday, November, 6th, 2016 at 2:00 AM. Although many people may find it easier to ‘fall back’ and “gain” an hour than ‘spring forward’ and “lose” an hour, it can still be difficult to adjust to the changing days this time of year. By tweaking your sleep, nutrition, and exercise habits, you can transition much easier to the daylight hours. Below are some tips that you may find helpful.

Stick to a schedule.

Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day. Your body’s natural sleep/wake cycle will adjust much more quickly if you stick to a regular routine. This is something we often emphasize to children, but slack off on as adults. Yet, it is equally as important for adults as it is for children. No matter the age, our bodies respond to sleep “training”.

Avoid naps.

It can be tempting to squeeze in a nap during those first few days of adjusting. Don’t do it. Simply put, it’s not worth it! By taking a nap, you are prolonging the amount of time it will take you to fall asleep at night, thus, causing yourself to be sleepy in the morning and causing the cycle of sleepiness and naps to repeat.

Exercise, especially in the morning.

Working out helps regulate the hormone, serotonin. Serotonin impacts mood, behavior, appetite, and sleep, to name a few. People who exercise tend to fall asleep more quickly and sleep for a longer period of time. Try to get outside in the morning. Light, especially sunlight, impacts your natural Circadian Rhythm. Exposure to more light in the morning and less light at night will help your body to better adjust to the time change.

Put your phone (and other devices) down.

Exposure to blue light from phones, laptops, TVs, etc., also impacts your Circadian Rhythm. While light of any kind can suppress the secretion of the sleep hormone, melatonin, blue light at night does so more powerfully. It is best to avoid “screen time” of any kind at least one hour prior to bedtime. Try to do something relaxing instead. Such as reading a book (not on a device) or taking a bath.

Avoid alcohol and caffeine.

Avoid caffeine at least 6 hours prior to bedtime. If you consume caffeine any closer to bedtime, it can interfere with the amount of time it takes you to fall asleep. Alcohol has a different effect on sleep time. It may actually help you to fall asleep more quickly, but there’s a catch. Those who drink alcohol experience a disruption in their Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. This reduces the amount of deep, restorative sleep they get. 

The Facts on Pumpkin

With another Halloween in the books and Thanksgiving on the horizon, one thing is certain: It’s hard to ignore the pumpkin craze in America. Fueled by the success of the popular Pumpkin Spice Latte (PSL) from Starbucks, which even has its own twitter account now, pumpkin flavored food and drinks are everywhere. As with any food trend, it’s important to be able to decipher between the healthy and not-so-healthy choices.

The Nutrition Facts

Many pumpkin flavored foods and drinks are loaded with added sugar and “pumpkin spice flavor” (e.g. pumpkin spice toaster pastries, pumpkin spice cereal, pumpkin spice coffee cream). Some may not contain any actual pumpkin at all. Nevertheless, REAL pumpkin is a good choice. This includes whole pumpkin that you buy and carve, as well as 100% pure canned pumpkin puree. Pure pumpkin is low in calories and saturated (unhealthy) fat and is an excellent source of Vitamin A and a good source of Vitamin C. Both Vitamin A and Vitamin C play a role in immune function, which plays an important role during cold and flu season.

To Indulge or not to Indulge?

If you’re a fan of seasonal dishes, try to include pumpkin in your everyday creations. Pumpkin itself doesn’t have a strong flavor (that’s what the pumpkin spice is for). It can easily be added to dishes, like chili, without anyone noticing. It will mostly add a creamy texture more than changing the flavor profile. Here are some other healthy pumpkin spice creations:

Pumpkin Spice Breakfast Smoothie

90-second Pumpkin Pie Breakfast Quinoa

Pumpkin Spice Latte Overnight Oats

Healthy No Bake Pumpkin Spice Latte Bites

Chicken with Pumpkin and Mushrooms

The Best Slow Cooker Pumpkin Soup

Pumpkin Hummus

When it comes to the more saturated fat and sugar-laden pumpkin flavored creations, everything in moderation! Think of these more as an occasional indulgence rather than an everyday staple of your diet. Look for food/drinks with less than 8 grams of added sugar. If you want to feel like you’re indulging without actually indulging, take it a step further and try to create healthier versions of your favorite store or restaurant bought pumpkin spice treats. For example, below we compare a homemade pumpkin spice latte with one from Starbucks.

Homemade PSL Ingredients:

• 8 ounces (1 cup) hot coffee

• 1 tablespoon pumpkin puree

• 2 teaspoons maple syrup

• 1/2 teaspoon pumpkin spice

• 2 ounces (1/4 cup) whole milk

 

 

 

You are sure to encounter pumpkin flavored ‘everything’ at the grocery store and at restaurants, so use this blog as a guide to make the healthiest choice! It is possible to enjoy pumpkin and pumpkin spice flavored food and drinks while still eating healthy.  

5 Ways Family-Friendly Ways to Stay Active this Fall

The end of Summer doesn’t have to mean the end of outside activities. There’s still plenty of things you can do to stay active as family. Getting outside is also an excellent way to help transition your sleep cycle from one season to the next. Check out the list below for some ideas!

Go on a scavenger hunt

This one takes a little preparation but it’s worth the pay off! Kids wills exercise their mind and body as they figure out clues and search for the next object. You can keep it cost effective by using household items (e.g. plastic cup, shoe, washcloth) and making the “prize” for the winner an activity rather than a material thing. For example, the winner of the scavenger hunt could be allowed to pick out a healthy dinner for the whole family to eat.

Join a family fitness class

Family fitness activities are often offered at your local gym (e.g. the YMCA) or community center. Some ideas are mom/baby yoga, family yoga, and stroller jogging clubs. Charity 5Ks, such as Turkey Trots, are often family-friendly and offer age-appropriate events (e.g. 1-mile fun run/walk). If you don’t have a gym membership or local community center, just make your own class! Find a local park and pick up a game of volleyball or basketball or go on a family walk/run together.

Family Olympics

This is a fun one that exercises your creative side as well as your body! You can include extended family and make it a big event or you can easily keep it small and just include your immediate family. Either way, set aside some time to brainstorm events. Think wheelbarrow race, sack race, water balloon toss, and many other events, which are inexpensive or don’t require props at all. Family Olympics are a great example of how to make physical activity fun. Check out this blog for more ideas.

Rake leaves (to jump in…of course!)

This is a win-win for parents. The kids have fun racking leaves and jumping into them…and the parents get rid of all the leaves in their yard! All the while everyone is getting their heart rate up and having a good time. You can take it a step further and buy trash bags which look like jack-o-lanterns, and voila, you now have fall decorations.

Take an after-dinner walk

Taking a walk after dinner is one of the best ways to help digest your food, lower your blood sugar, and spend time together as family. If your kid(s) isn’t fond of walking, let them ride their bike or scooter while the adults walk. This is also a great opportunity to ask your children about their day. Many parents find that their children are more likely to open up and share their feelings if you ask them about their day while they are engaged in an activity (e.g. walking).